Resources

Organizations

ERA Coalition: www.eracoalition.org

Equal Rights Amendment: www.equalrightsamendment.org

ACLU Maine: https://www.aclu.org/issues/womens-rights

Books

When Everything Changed: The Amazing Journey of American Women from 1960 to the Present, by Gail Collins

 

Equal Means Equal, Why the Time for the Equal Rights Amendment is NOW,

by Jessica Neuwirth

Why the ERA failed: Politics, Women's rights, and the Amending Process of the Constitution

by Mary Frances Berry

 

Articles of Interest

Janet Yellen article about the positive effect of increasing womens' employment on the GNP: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/05/us/politics/to-lift-growth-janet-yellen-says-make-it-easier-for-women-to-work.html?emc=edit_th_20170506&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=46183374

 

NYT editorial about the ERA 3.26.17: 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/25/opinion/sunday/pumping-life-into-the-equal-rights-amendment.html?emc=edit_th_20170326&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=66527036&_r=0

 

Discussion of the amendment process: 

http://reclaimtheamericandream.org/brief-amend/ 

 

This is what Equality looks like in the UK: 

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/85008/business-quickstart.pdf

 

Republicans and the ERA: 

https://psmag.com/back-when-the-republican-party-was-endorsing-feminism-90781c2b8093#.k20v43s4e

 

"What young women may not know": Leader Telegram 2.5.2017  http://www.leadertelegram.com/Opinion/Commentary/2017/02/05/lt-div-class-libPageBodyLinebreak-gt-What-young-women-may-not-know-lt-div-gt.html

 

"The case against contemporary feminism": New Yorker 2.8.2017

http://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/the-case-against-contemporary-feminism

 

"Since when is being a woman a liberal cause?": New York Times 2.11.2017 https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/11/sunday-review/since-when-is-being-a-woman-a-liberal-cause.html?emc=eta1&_r=0

 

"What Republicans have to learn from the Womens March": New York Times 1.23.2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/23/opinion/what-republicans-have-to-learn-from-the-womens-march.html?emc=edit_th_20170124&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=46183374

 

"Massachusetts middle schoolers push for the ERA": Women’s eNews Blog 12.26.2016 

http://womensenews.org/2016/12/massachusetts-middle-schoolers-push-for-passage-of-equal-rights-amendment/ 

 

"Women in Iceland protest the country's 14% pay gap by leaving work 14% early": 

New York Times 10.25.2016

http://nytlive.nytimes.com/womenintheworld/2016/10/25/women-in-iceland-protest-countrys-14-percent-pay-gap-by-leaving-work-14-percent-early/

 

"Few Women Fight Wildfires.  That's not because they're afraid of flames": Washington Post 11.19.2016

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/few-women-fight-wildfires-thats-not-because-theyre-afraid-of-flames/2016/11/19/452c6cba-ac19-11e6-977a-1030f822fc35_story.html?utm_term=.816c233d2424&wpisrc=nl_rainbow&wpmm=1

"Team USA members on historic fight for equal pay in women's soccer": CBS 60 Minutes

11.20.2016

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/60-minutes-women-soccer-team-usa-gender-discrimination-equal-pay/

 

Legal Papers

Congressional Research Service (Library of Congress): July 2018 review of the steps to ratification for the ERA: https://www.equalrightsamendment.org/pathstoratification

University of Pennsylvania Wharton School: Gender rating and the Affordable Care Act  https://publicpolicy.wharton.upenn.edu/live/news/819-the-end-of-gender-rating-womens-insurance-under

National Women's Law Center paper on Gender Rating and the ACA http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/nwlc_2012_turningtofairness_report.pdf

 

William and Mary Law Paper on viability of the ERA:

http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1271&context=wmjowl

 

Legislation

Equal Pay Act (1963)

www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/epa.cfm

 

Civil Rights Act – Title VII (1964)

www.justice.gov/sites/default/files/crt/legacy/2010/12/15/Title_VII_Statute.pdf

 

www.aauw.org/what-we-do/legal-resources/know-your-rights-at-work/title-vii/

 

Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978) is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/publications/fs-preg.cfm

 

Education Amendments – Title IX (1972) 

www.justice.gov/crt/title-ix-education-amendments-1972

www.aauw.org/what-we-do/public-policy/aauw-issues/title-ix/

 

Violence Against Women Act (1994)  

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113s47enr/pdf/BILLS-113s47enr.pdf

 

Primary Sources

Declaration of Independence (1776)  http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/document/

 

U.S. Constitution (1787)  https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs

 

Bill of Rights (1795) https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs

 

XIV Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause (1868)

 

Amendment XIV

Section 1.

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Full text: https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiv

 

Amendment XIX (1920)

 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxix

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